Limited research has examined the components of retirement planning and the effects on retirees’ health behaviors. This study aims to explore whether retirement planning is associated with different types of healthy lifestyles after retirement. We conducted a nationwide Health and Retirement Survey in Taiwan and analyzed the data from 2015 to 2016. A total of 3128 retirees aged 50–74 years were included in the analysis. Twenty items on retirement planning from five categories were administered, and 20 health-related behaviors were used for measuring healthy lifestyles. Results showed that five types of healthy lifestyles were found from the 20 health behaviors by factor analysis. After controlling for all covariates, various components of retirement planning were associated with different types of lifestyles. Retirees having any item of retirement planning would significantly increase the score of ‘healthy living’. Those with 1–2 items were also associated with the total score and the type of ‘no unhealthy food’. However, those with ≥ 6 items were the only group positively related to the type of ‘regular health checkups’ but negatively to the type of ‘good medication’. In conclusion, retirement planning offers a ‘window of opportunity’ for promoting healthy lifestyles after retirement. Pre-retirement planning should be advocated in the workplace to improve health-related behaviors, especially for those upcoming retired workers. In addition, a friendly environment and continuous programs should also be incorporated for better retirement life.

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