Objective

The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of preoperative hypoalbuminemia on the development of intra-abdominal septic complications (IASCs) after primary anastomosis for patients with Crohn’s disease (CD).

Methods

All CD patients undergoing bowel resection with a primary anastomosis during the study period from 2007 to 2015 were enrolled. The association of preoperative hypoalbuminemia (<30 g/L) with the risk for IASCs were assessed using both univariate and multivariate analyses.

Results

A total of 124 eligible patients were included, 117 (94.4%) of whom had available preoperative albumin level. Preoperative hypoalbuminemia occurred in 13 (11.7%) patients. The duration from diagnosis to surgery was longer for patients with preoperative hypoalbuminemia than those without (p = 0.012). Patients with preoperative hypoalbuminemia were more likely to have a history of preoperative use of 5-aminosalicylic acid (p = 0.013) and have an intraoperative finding of small bowel obstruction (p = 0.015). Of all patients, 24 (19.4%) developed postoperative IASCs. Univariate analysis showed that patients with preoperative hypoalbuminemia had an increased risk for IASCs (p = 0.012). Multivariate analysis confirmed the association between preoperative hypoalbuminemia and IASCs (odds ratio 4.67, 95% confidence interval: 1.28–17.04, p = 0.02). Similar findings were also obtained when preoperative albumin level was analysed as a continuous variable (p = 0.019).

Conclusions

Preoperative hypoalbuminemia is a significant predictor for the development of postoperative IASCs in CD patients after bowel resection with a primary anastomosis. Favorable preoperative nutrition status might lessen the risk for IASCs.

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