The mechanisms by which taste and odor are combined in determining food choice behavior are poorly understood. Previous work in human subjects has yielded mixed results, potentially due to differences in task context across studies, and a lack of control over flavor experience. Here, we used rats as a model system to systematically investigate the role of experience and unisensory component liking in the multisensory interactions underlying consumption behavior. We demonstrate that taste–smell mixture consumption is best explained by a linear average of component liking. The observed pattern of results was not dependent on prior experience with specific taste–smell combinations, and unique for multisensory as opposed to unisensory mixture consumption. The results are discussed with respect to existing models of flavor integration, and a maximum-likelihood integration model previously described for multisensory judgments in other systems.

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