The neocortex and olfactory cortices share many features including their laminar organization, developmental sequences, and cell types. Previous work indicates that neocortical pyramidal cells exhibit a gradient of dendritic size: cells involved in the initial processing of information are less complex than those in subsequent, higher processing areas. Results presented here confirm that the same is true for the olfactory cortex: pyramidal cells in the region closest to the olfactory bulb, the anterior olfactory nucleus, have smaller total dendritic length and occupy less neural space than those in the posterior piriform cortex. These findings add to the evidence for general rules of development, organization, and function across forebrain cortices.

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