Pharmacogenomic experiments allow for the systematic testing of drugs, at varying dosage concentrations, to study how genomic markers correlate with cell sensitivity to treatment. The first step in the analysis is to quantify the response of cell lines to variable dosage concentrations of the drugs being tested. The signal to noise in these measurements can be low due to biological and experimental variability. However, the increasing availability of pharmacogenomic studies provides replicated data sets that can be leveraged to gain power. To do this, we formulate a hierarchical mixture model to estimate the drug-specific mixture distributions for estimating cell sensitivity and for assessing drug effect type as either broad or targeted effect. We use this formulation to propose a unified approach that can yield posterior probability of a cell being susceptible to a drug conditional on being a targeted effect or relative effect sizes conditioned on the cell being broad. We demonstrate the usefulness of our approach via case studies. First, we assess pairwise agreements for cell lines/drugs within the intersection of two data sets and confirm the moderate pairwise agreement between many publicly available pharmacogenomic data sets. We then present an analysis that identifies sensitivity to the drug crizotinib for cells harboring EML4-ALK or NPM1-ALK gene fusions, as well as significantly down-regulated cell-matrix pathways associated with crizotinib sensitivity.

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