Transmission of information has benefitted from a breathtaking level of innovation and change over the past 20 years; however, instructional methods within colleges and universities have been slow to change. In the article, we present a novel framework to structure conversations that encourage innovation, change, and improvement in our system of higher education, in general, and our system of biology education, specifically. In particular, we propose that a conceptual model based on evolutionary landscapes in which fitness is replaced by educational effectiveness would encourage educational improvement by helping to visualize the multidimensional nature of education and learning, acknowledge the complexity and dynamism of the educational landscape, encourage collaboration, and stimulate experimental thinking about how new approaches and methodology could take various fields associated with learning, to more universal fitness optima. The framework also would encourage development and implementation of new techniques and persistence through less efficient or effective valleys of death.

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